The first written historical refence to this town goes back to the 13th century. However settlements in this area are known to have been there since the Stone Age. The history of Cesky Krumlov is full of ups and downs. At the beginning of the 13th century until the beginning of the 17th century the town belong to a family of Czech Lords of Rozmberk and during this time it underwent major changes. Churches, houses and markets were built and the town itself had become very prosperous. However darker times came during the Thirty Year War. Normality returned in the 17th century and since then Cesky Krumlov has prospered under the influence of a new aristocratic family of Lords (Eggenberg family) and later the Lords of Schwanzeberg.
During the turbulent first half of the 20th century when many European towns and cities were caught in the midst of the World Wars, Cesky Krumlov managed to protect its historical status as there were no major disputes in its vicinity. Largely for this reason we can today still admire its truly spectacular beauty and important historical sites.