IntroductionFrom being Germany’s “Jewel Box” to its savage destruction during World War II, Dresden has a rich and fascinating history. Remarkably for a city that lost so much in battle, many of the old landmarks remain.
In the late 15th century Dresden became a royal residence, with the luxurious, highly opulent styles favoured by the kings of Saxony earning it the moniker of Jewel Box. Dresden Castle, originally built in 1485, still stands today, with elements of baroque, renaissance and classical design. Just over the road is Zwinger Palace, constructed in the 18th century for royal festivities; today it contains important artworks. The new town is on the other side of the river Elbe, and is home to the pretty Baroque Quarter, the Japanese Palace and a number of arcades lined with shops selling artisan products.