IntroductionDerry is often referred to as Londonderry and is one of the most important cities in Northern Ireland. Originally, Derry was a small walled city on the west side of the River Foyle although this has now changed and Derry has expanded to cover both banks of the River Foyle. The population of the city is now around the 100,000 mark, making it the fourth largest city in Ireland.
Interestingly, Derry was actually the first city in Ireland that was specifically planned. Its development began in 1613 and the final bricks were positioned in the wall, during 1618. The walls were designed in a central diamond shape as this was thought to be the best layout for providing security and defence.
Today, Derry has retained its defensive layout which makes it a historically significant city to visit.