IntroductionAlthough not the capital of Croatia, Dubrovnik is arguably the most popular tourist destination in the country and often mistakenly thought to be the capital. Nicknamed the ‘Pearl of the Adriatic’, Dubrovnik is also a thriving seaport at the most southerly point of Croatia.
Amazingly, the population of this city is only around 50,000, but increases substantially during the summer months. Prior to the Second World War, Dubrovnik was part of the Independent State of Croatia but, during the war, the city was occupied by Italy and later by Germany before becoming part of the second Yugoslavia at the end of the war.
After Croatia’s independence in 1991, the Yugoslav army attacked the city in what became known as the Siege of Dubrovnik. Even today, some of the damage is still being repaired and those responsible for the devastation are being brought to justice.